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Making the world safe

361.7 IRW

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Making the world safe : the American Red Cross and a nation's humanitarian awakening

Irwin, Julia.

Oxford : Oxford University Press, [2013]

xii, 273 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.

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In Making the World Safe, historian Julia Irwin offers an insightful account of the American Red Cross, from its founding in 1881 by Clara Barton to its rise as the government's official voluntary aid agency. Equally important, Irwin shows that the story of the Red Cross is simultaneously astory of how Americans first began to see foreign aid as a key element in their relations with the world.As the American Century dawned, more and more Americans saw the need to engage in world affairs and to make the world a safer place - not by military action but through humanitarian aid. It was a time perfectly suited for the rise of the ARC. Irwin shows how the early and vigorous support of WilliamH. Taft - who was honorary president of the ARC even as he served as President of the United States - gave the Red Cross invaluable connections with the federal government, eventually making it the official agency to administer aid both at home and abroad. Irwin describes how, during World War I,the ARC grew at an explosive rate and extended its relief work for European civilians into a humanitarian undertaking of massive proportions, an effort that was also a major propaganda coup. Irwin also shows how in the interwar years, the ARC's mission meshed well with presidential diplomaticstyles, and how, with the coming of World War II, the ARC once again grew exponentially, becoming a powerful part of government efforts to bring aid to war-torn parts of the world.The belief in the value of foreign aid remains a central pillar of U.S. foreign relations. Making the World Safe reveals how this belief took hold in America and the role of the American Red Cross in promoting it.



1 copy available at Milford High School


978-0-19-976640-6 (acid free paper)

LC Call No:

HV577 .I79 2013

Dewey Class No:

361.7/6340973 23


Irwin, Julia.


Making the world safe : the American Red Cross and a nation's humanitarian awakening / Julia F. Irwin.


xii, 273 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm.


text rdacontent


unmediated rdamedia


volume rdacarrier


Includes bibliographical references (pages 213-261) and index.


American Red Cross--History.


Humanitarianism--United States--History.


International relief--United States--History.


Economic assistance, American--History.


Book review (H-Net)

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    $b Language of cataloging  eng
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082 Dewey Class No 00  $a Classification number  361.7/6340973
    $2 Edition number  23
100 ME:PersonalName 1   $a Personal name  Irwin, Julia.
245 Title 10  $a Title  Making the world safe :
    $b Remainder of title  the American Red Cross and a nation's humanitarian awakening /
    $c Statement of responsibility  Julia F. Irwin.
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    $b Name of prod./pub./dist./man.  Oxford University Press,
    $c Date of prod/dist/manuf/copyrt  [2013]
300 Physical Desc   $a Extent  xii, 273 pages :
    $b Other physical details  illustrations ;
    $c Dimensions  25 cm.
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504 BibliogrphyNote   $a Bibliography, etc. note  Includes bibliographical references (pages 213-261) and index.
505 ContentsNote 0   $a Formatted contents note  Introduction: a new manifest destiny -- Making international humanitarianism American -- Humanitarian preparedness -- Mobilizing a volunteer army -- Relieving Europe -- Rebuilding Europe -- A world made safe? -- Epilogue: a new manifest destiny revisited.
610 Subj:CorpName 20  $a Corporate name  American Red Cross
    $x General subdivision  History.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Humanitarianism
    $z Geographic subdivision  United States
    $x General subdivision  History.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  International relief
    $z Geographic subdivision  United States
    $x General subdivision  History.
650 Subj:Topic $a Topical term  Economic assistance, American
    $x General subdivision  History.
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    $x General subdivision  Foreign relations.
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